Setting a pure Gnome 3 interface on Ubuntu server 12.04

On last times, I’ve been thinking about of problem with the memory consumption of the Desktop versions of Ubuntu. For more settings I did, the memory was always at the maximum. After some reading I decided to try applying a graphical environment on the pure version of Ubuntu Server.

First install a Ubuntu Server OS on your machine….

After that your Ubuntu server has been installed, now we’ll install and config all graphic apps, starting with Gnome-shell, a base package.

Yes, we have a base graphical interface, now go to secondary packages of Gnome.

Ok, all basics packages has been installed, now we can start the ‘X’.

By default, gdm service it’s automatically added to update-rc.d, however if him doesn’t start, use this command:

On my laptop I was needed change services startup order on boot, because the network interfaces forcing up and made boot very slowly. To solve this problem, I was used the sysv-rc-conf to change start service order. You can install this package with command below:

Tip: to install this package use the aptitude manager, because many times the apt-get lose himself ¬¬


Proceeding…if you it’s not a VI or VIM fanatic, you can install an other editor, personally, I like so much GEdit, simple and efficient. To install this:

At this point we have a simple Gnome 3, now we can tunning more : )

Now we need install and WEB browser,..yes! Google Chrome! …no :/ at this moment we don’t have any browser, so…:

Well as in MSIE browser…we can download our Google Chrome. Yes! I don’t like use Chromiun browser..i don’t have reasons, just don’t like.

When you’ll install the .DEB of Google Chrome browser, you will need install many dependencies, so:

Eventually you can download zipped files, however you’ll need required packages for this:

After this, you can customize their mode…image viewer, zipped files viewer…many apps that comes inside ubuntu-desktop package are not including on Gnome 3 base package. I’m recommend some basics apps like (installed by apt-get too):

  • app-install-data: small Nautilus applet to search apps for unknown file types;
  • evince: a good and simple PDF viewer;
  • gthumb: image viewer with resize, convert and other basic image operations;
  • empathy: a best choice for Gnome Notifications integration;
  • vlc: a powerful video, audio, etc. player;
  • file-roller: zipped files viewer and Nautilus applet for compress operations;
  • Oracle JDK: you can install using steps of my other post here;
  • gnome-color-chooser: a simple app to manage color schemes. This remember of theme color customize of old Gnome 2;

Screenshot from 2012-12-14 00:05:53

You’ll still can happy using many Gnome extensions here.